Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Accounting Policies, by Policy (Policies)

v3.20.2
Accounting Policies, by Policy (Policies)
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Basis of Presentation

Basis of Presentation


The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and Article 8 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal accruals) considered for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020.


The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, filed with the SEC on March 20, 2020.

Emerging Growth Company

Emerging Growth Company


The Company is an “emerging growth company,” as defined in Section 2(a) of the Securities Act, as modified by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”), and it may take advantage of certain exemptions from various reporting requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not emerging growth companies including, but not limited to, not being required to comply with the independent registered public accounting firm attestation requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation in its periodic reports and proxy statements, and exemptions from the requirements of holding a nonbinding advisory vote on executive compensation and stockholder approval of any golden parachute payments not previously approved.


Further, Section 102(b)(1) of the JOBS Act exempts emerging growth companies from being required to comply with new or revised financial accounting standards until private companies (that is, those that have not had a Securities Act registration statement declared effective or do not have a class of securities registered under the Exchange Act) are required to comply with the new or revised financial accounting standards. The JOBS Act provides that a company can elect to opt out of the extended transition period and comply with the requirements that apply to non-emerging growth companies but any such election to opt out is irrevocable. The Company has elected not to opt out of such extended transition period, which means that when a standard is issued or revised and it has different application dates for public or private companies, the Company, as an emerging growth company, can adopt the new or revised standard at the time private companies adopt the new or revised standard. This may make comparison of the Company’s financial statements with those of another public company, which is neither an emerging growth company nor an emerging growth company which has opted out of using the extended transition period difficult or impossible because of the potential differences in accounting standards used.

Use of Estimates

Use of Estimates


The preparation of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires the Company’s management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of expenses during the reporting periods. It is at least reasonably possible that the estimate of the effect of a condition, situation or set of circumstances that existed at the date of the balance sheet, which management considered in formulating its estimate, could change due to one or more future confirming events. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Net Income (Loss) Per Share of Common Stock

Net Income (Loss) Per Share of Common Stock


Net income (loss) per share of common stock is computed by dividing net income (loss) applicable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the periods. The Company has not considered the effect of the Public Warrants and the Private Placement Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 14,325,000 shares of Class A common stock in the calculation of diluted loss per share, since such inclusion would be anti-dilutive under the treasury stock method as of September 30, 2020.


The Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations includes a presentation of income per share for common stock subject to redemption in a manner similar to the two-class method of income per share. Basic and diluted net loss per share of Class A common stock for the three months ended September 30, 2020 is calculated by dividing the investment income earned on the investments held in the Trust Account (approximately $4,000, net of funds available to be withdrawn from the Trust Account for payment of taxes, resulting in a loss of approximately $46,000), by the weighted average number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding for the periods. Basic and diluted net loss per share of Class B common stock for the three months ended September 30, 2020 is calculated by dividing net loss less loss attributable to Class A common stock of approximately $46,000, by the weighted average number of shares of Class B common stock outstanding for the periods.


Basic and diluted net loss per share of Class A common stock for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 is calculated by dividing the investment income earned on the investments held in the Trust Account (approximately $1.0 million, net of funds available to be withdrawn from the Trust Account for payment of taxes, resulting in a total of approximately $664,000), by the weighted average number of shares of Class A common stock outstanding for the period. Basic and diluted net loss per share of Class B common stock for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 is calculated by dividing net loss less income attributable to Class A common stock of approximately $664,000, by the weighted average number of shares of Class B common stock outstanding for the period.


At September 30, 2020, the Company did not have any dilutive securities and other contracts that could, potentially, be exercised or converted into shares of common stock and then share in the Company’s earnings. As a result, diluted loss per share is the same as basic loss per share for the periods presented.

Concentrations of Credit Risk

Concentrations of Credit Risk


Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist principally of cash and investments held in the Company’s operating account and the Trust Account. Cash is maintained in accounts with financial institutions, which, at times may exceed the federal depository insurance coverage of $250,000. At September 30, 2020, the Company has not experienced losses on these cash accounts and management believes, based upon the quality of the financial institutions, that the credit risk with regard to these deposits is not significant. The Company’s investments held in the Trust Account as of September 30, 2020 consist entirely of an investment in a money market fund that invests solely in only U.S. treasury securities.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and Cash Equivalents


The Company considers all short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased to be cash equivalents.

Investments Held in Trust Account

Investments Held in Trust Account


The Company’s portfolio of investments held in the Trust Account are comprised of U.S. government securities, within the meaning set forth in Section 2(a)(16) of the Investment Company Act, with a maturity of 185 days or less, and money market funds that invest solely in U.S. government securities. The Company’s investments held in the Trust Account are classified as trading securities. Trading securities are presented on the balance sheet at fair value at the end of each reporting period. Gains and losses resulting from the change in fair value of these securities is included in gain on investments (net), dividends and interest, held in the Trust Account in the accompanying statements of operations. The fair value for trading securities is determined using quoted market prices in active markets.

Fair Value Measurements

Fair Value Measurements


FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement, defines fair value and requires disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received for the sale of an asset or paid for transfer of a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. GAAP establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value.


The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). These tiers include:


  Level 1, defined as observable inputs such as quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical instruments in active markets;

  Level 2, defined as inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are either directly or indirectly observable such as quoted prices for similar instruments in active markets or quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active; and

  Level 3, defined as unobservable inputs in which little or no market data exists, therefore requiring an entity to develop its own assumptions, such as valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs or significant value drivers are unobservable.

In some circumstances, the inputs used to measure fair value might be categorized within different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In those instances, the fair value measurement is categorized in its entirety in the fair value hierarchy based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.


As of September 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019, the recorded values of cash, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and taxes payable approximate their fair values due to the short-term nature of the instruments. The Company’s investments held in the Trust Account as of September 30, 2020 consist entirely of an investment in a money market fund that invests solely in U.S. treasury securities. The fair value of investments held in the Trust Account is determined using quoted market prices in active markets.

Offering Costs

Offering Costs


Offering costs consist of expenses incurred in connection with the preparation of the Offering. These expenses, together with the underwriting discounts and commissions, in the amount of approximately $10 million, were charged to equity upon completion of the Offering.

Class A Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption

Class A Common Stock Subject to Possible Redemption


As discussed in Note 1, all of the 17,250,000 shares of Class A common stock sold as part of Units in the Offering contain a redemption feature which allows for the redemption of the shares of Class A common stock if the Company holds a stockholder vote or there is a tender offer for shares in connection with a Business Combination. In accordance with FASB ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity (“ASC 480”), redemption provisions not solely within the control of the Company require the security to be classified outside of permanent equity. Ordinary liquidation events, which involve the redemption and liquidation of all of the entity’s equity instruments, are excluded from the provisions of ASC 480. Although the Company did not specify a maximum redemption threshold, its charter provides that in no event will it redeem its shares of Class A common stock in an amount that would cause its net tangible assets (stockholders’ equity) to be less than $5,000,001 upon the closing of a Business Combination.


The Company recognizes changes in redemption value immediately as they occur and adjusts the carrying value of the securities at the end of each reporting period. Increases or decreases in the carrying amount of redeemable shares of Class A common stock are affected by adjustments to additional paid-in capital. Accordingly, at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, 16,038,695 and 16,316,085 shares of Class A common stock subject to conditional redemption, respectively, are presented as temporary equity, outside of the stockholders’ equity section of the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Income Taxes

Income Taxes


The Company follows the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes under FASB ASC, 740, “Income Taxes (“ASC 740”). Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that included the enactment date. Valuation allowances are established, when necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.


The Company’s currently taxable income primarily consists of interest income on the Trust Account, less any franchise taxes. The Company’s formation and operating costs are generally considered start-up costs and are not currently deductible. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company recorded and income tax expense of $0 and $189,060, respectively. The Company’s effective tax rate for three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 was 0% and 7.3%, respectively, which differs from the expected income tax rate due to start-up costs which are not currently deductible.


ASC 740 prescribes a recognition threshold and a measurement attribute for the financial statement recognition and measurement of tax positions taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. For those benefits to be recognized, a tax position must be more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination by taxing authorities. There were no unrecognized tax benefits and no amounts accrued for interest and penalties as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company recognizes accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits, if any, as income tax expense. No amounts were accrued for the payment of interest and penalties as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019. The Company is currently not aware of any issues under review that could result in significant payments, accruals or material deviation from its position. The Company is subject to income tax examinations by major taxing authorities since inception.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Recent Accounting Pronouncements


In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes” (“ASU 2019-12”), which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on its financial statements and related disclosures.


Management does not believe that any other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting pronouncements, if currently adopted, would have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.